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Style Brisé

Gaultier & The French Lute School - original lute

Toyohiko Satoh

Ennemond Gaultier, Dennis Gaultier, Jacques Gallot, Dufaut, Charles Mouton, Robert de Visée

SKU: 8795

Year of release: 1995

1. Tombeau de Mezangeau Ennemond Gaultier 04:15
2. Courante Ennemond Gaultier 01:41
3. Carillon Ennemond Gaultier 02:45
4. Rossignol Ennemond Gaultier 01:57
5. Testament de Mezangeau Ennemond Gaultier 02:51
6. Canarie Ennemond Gaultier 02:16
7. Tombeau de Mademoiselle Gaultier Ennemond Gaultier 03:25
8. Cleopatre Amante - Double Dennis Gaultier 03:23
9. Prélude Dennis Gaultier 01:21
10. Le Bout de l'An de M. Gaultier Jacques Gallot 02:52
11. Courante la Cigogne Jacques Gallot 02:14
12. Sarabande la Pièce de huit heures Jacques Gallot 02:00
13. Volte la Brugeoise Jacques Gallot 01:53
14. Prélude Dufaut 01:38
15. Tombeau de M. Blanrocher Dufaut 03:36
16. Courante Dufaut 01:57
17. Sarabande - Double Dufaut 03:26
18. Gigue Dufaut 02:01
19. Prélude Charles Mouton 01:01
20. Tombeau de Gogo Allemande Charles Mouton 03:04
21. La belle homicide & Courante de M. Gaultier - Double de la belle Homicide Charles Mouton 03:07
22. Gavotte Charles Mouton 01:09
23. La Princesse Sarabande Charles Mouton 01:45
24. Canarie Charles Mouton 02:23
25. Tombeau de M. Mouton (Allemande) Robert de Visée 03:56
Total time: 62:05

About this album

Style bris Gaultier & the French Lute School Around 1600, Italian musicians abandoned their old style (renaissance) and established a new one (baroque). Somewhat later, probably around 1630, a new tuning (french tuning, d minor tuning or even baroque lute tuning) was invented for the lute by the circle of lutenists around le vieux Gaultier, or Gaultier de Lyon (Ennemond Gaultier, 1575-1651). The old (renaissance) tuning was based on the interval of a fourth. The new tuning introduced more thirds, enabling lutenists to write their music in a broken style (style bris), since it allowed more freedom for the fingers of the left hand. Soon the broken style gained great popularity throughout Europe. This tuning, incidentally, was already used by Mezangeau (late 16th century-1638), who may have been Ennemond Gaultiers teacher. It is difficult to separate Ennemond Gaultiers music from that of his cousin Denis Gaultier (Gaultier le jeune or Gaultier de Paris, 1603-1672). Nevertheless, their works are the most significant French contribution to the lute music of the period. They developed a new genre, the musical portrait, as well as the tombeau, which, in fact, they pioneered in the lute repertoire. Johann Jacob Froberger (1616-1667) was one of a number of composers of keyboard music, not only in France, who found inspiration in their music. Jacques Gallot (c.1600-c.1690), known as le vieux Gallot or Gallot de Paris, was a pupil of Ennemond Gaultier. His brother Antoine Gallot was known as vieux Gallot or Gallot dAngers. In addition to this minor confusion, there was a son of Antoine Gallot who was known as Gallot le jeune (?-c.1716).

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Reviews

Klassiek

(...) Deze muziek is een genot om naar te luisteren. Zijn subtiliteit is spannend en nergens vlak of gewild. (...) (...) Luitmuziek als deze is als balsem voor de oren.

Gitrre und Laute

(...) Die Musik, die Satoh hier spielt, gehrt zum Besten, was im Verlauf des 17. Jahrhunderts komponiert worden ist. (...) (...) Groe Musik!!

Das Musikblatt

(...) einen gelungenen Anschaffung.

Artists

Technical Specifications

Digital To Analog ConverterSony
Mastering Equimentsony DAE 3000
Mastering EngineerBert van der Wolf
Mixing Consolerens Heijnis
Microphonesbruel & Kjaer, Schoeps
Recording Formatpcm 44.1
Analog To Digital ConverterdCS900
Recording DateJUne, September 1995
Recording LocationProtestant Church Renswoude, The Netherlands
EditingBert van der Wolf
Recording EngineerBert van der Wolf
ProducerBert van der Wolf