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City of Glass

Ebony Band

Robert F. Graettinger, Pete Rugolo, Franklyn Marks

SKU: 6394

Year of release: 1994

1. Incident in Jazz Robert F. Graettinger 04:43
2. Conflict Pete Rugolo 04:42
3. Trajectories Franklyn Marks 04:22
4. #3 Robert F. Graettinger 04:22
City of Glass 09:14
5. Part 1 The entrance skyscrapers Robert F. Graettinger 03:21
6. Part 2 Dance at the Mirror Robert F. Graettinger 03:03
7. part 3 Conclusion Robert F. Graettinger 02:50
8. April in Paris Robert F. Graettinger 03:12
9. Laura Robert F. Graettinger 04:52
10. Thermopylae Robert F. Graettinger 02:57
11. Mirage Pete Rugolo 04:40
12. Untitled Robert F. Graettinger 02:39
City of Glass II 18:04
13. Part 1 Entrance into the City - The Structures Robert F. Graettinger 08:32
14. Part 2 Dance before the Mirror Robert F. Graettinger 05:04
15. Part 3 Reflections Robert F. Graettinger 04:27
Total time: 63:51

About this album

Robert Frederick Graettinger was born in the small town of Ontario (California) in 1923. Little is known of his early musical experiences, except that he played the saxophone during his high school years. At the age of 17 he heard a series of performances by Stan Kenton in Hollywood, and at this time he showed them an arrangement which he had made. “The arrangements were amateurish, but ambitious. Stan encouraged the boy to keep writing, and forgot him”. (Straight Ahead, page 134) Six years later, Kenton again received an arrangement, Thermopylae, from Graettinger, and immediately hired him. He saw Graettinger as someone who would be able to help him achieve his goal of shaking off the dance-band image, opening the way to appearances in prestigious venues like Carnegie Hall…..

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(...) This is a brave effort (...) (...) Schuller is a great pioneer in this kind of work (...)

Washington Post

(...) The music sticks in your memory (...)


(...) so virtuos gespielt, macht diese Musik trotz gelegentlich ermdender Motorik und melodischer Stereotypien Spass. (...)


(...) Graettingers composities hebben op cd niets van hun buitensporige karakter verloren (...) (...) is een waardig monument voor Robert Graettinger, een post-nucleaire autodidact met een huiveringwekkende fantasie.


(...) Nog zo'n hoogtepunt was de Ebony Band o.l.v. Werner Herbers. Krankzinnige bigband-muziek die met zijn verwrongen dissonanten, rare erupties, onlogische akkoordenopvolgingen en dichtgeplamuurde textuur niet snel gaat vervelen. (...)


(...) De Ebony Band doet de verontrustende muziek van Graettinger herleven alsof ze gisteren gecomponeerd werd.

Fono Forum

(...) einen ungeahnten Hhepunkt (...) (...) besonders sinnenfroh und musikalisch prickelnd (...) (...) Die Wiedergaben der Ebony Band, die sich u.a. schon mit der Wiederentdeckung des jung verstorbenen amerikanischen jazz-Klassikers Robert Graettinger profitiert hatte, sind ausgesprochen anregend und spannungsreich.

The Denver Post

(...) Stan Kenton would have loved it! (....)

Technical Specifications

Digital To Analog ConverterSony
Mastering EquimentSony digital Editor 3000
Mastering EngineerBert van der Wolf
Mixing ConsoleRens Heijnis Custom made
MicrophonesBruel & Kjaer, Schoeps
Recording Noteslive recordings
Recording FormatPCM 44.1
Analog To Digital ConverterdCS900
Recording DateJune 1993
Recording LocationVredenburg Utrecht, The Netherlands, Beurs van Berlage, Amsterdam
EditingBert van der Wolf
Recording EngineerBert van der Wolf
ProducerTed Diehl